When did Romania lose communism?
However, rapid economic growth fueled in part by foreign credits gradually gave way to an austerity and political repression that led to the violent fall of his totalitarian government in December 1989.
Romania's 1991 constitution (amended in 2003) proclaims it a democratic and social republic, deriving its sovereignty from the people.
In April 1964, Romania formally declared its independence from the Soviet Union's control and detailed its plans to reorient its economy towards agriculture and natural resource extraction.
Ceaușescu and his wife Elena fled the capital in a helicopter, but they were captured by the military after the armed forces defected. After being tried and convicted of economic sabotage and genocide, both were sentenced to death, and they were immediately executed by firing squad on 25 December.
It collapsed in 1989 in the wake of the Romanian Revolution, but Romania kept its socialist-era constitution until 1991. Romania also retained its membership in the Warsaw Pact until its dissolution on 1 July 1991; that role had been largely symbolic since the late 1960s.
Where am I Going? Romania is one of the safest countries in Europe. Its crime rate is low, and most tourists enjoy a stress-free journey in this gorgeous country. However, before you start dreaming about Romania, make sure you have the Romania Travel Application Form.
It was replaced by the current constitution on 8 December 1991, after a nationwide referendum abolished the socialist system of government completely and replaced it with a semi-presidential system.
The modern Romanian state was formed in 1859 through a personal union of the Danubian Principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia. The new state, officially named Romania since 1866, gained independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1877.
On August 23, 1944, following the overthrow of dictator Marshal Ion Antonescu, Romania switched sides. Romanian troops fought alongside Soviet troops for the remainder of the war.
The Soviets and the Romanian communists referred to the events of August 1944 as the "liberation of Romania by the glorious Soviet Army" in the 1952 Constitution of Romania, and August 23 (the day of 1944 coup) was celebrated as Liberation from Fascist Occupation Day.
Is Romania Slavic?
Romania is not Slavic because it was once a Roman territory and its people have managed to maintain a unique cultural, ethnic, and linguistic identity through centuries of invasions by Huns, Greeks, Turks, and Slavs.
Elena Ceaușescu (Romanian pronunciation: [eˈlena tʃe̯a. uˈʃesku]; born Lenuța Petrescu; 7 January 1916 – 25 December 1989) was a Romanian communist politician who was the wife of Nicolae Ceaușescu, General Secretary of the Romanian Communist Party and leader of the Socialist Republic of Romania.
On August 22, 1944, Soviet forces break through to Jassy, in northeastern Romania, convincing Romania's king to sign an armistice with the Allies and concede control of his country to the USSR.
Nicolae Ceaușescu (left), President of the Socialist Republic of Romania from 1974, also General Secretary of the Romanian Communist Party since 1965, and his wife Elena Ceaușescu (right), were executed following trial on 25 December 1989.
Christianity is the main religion in Romania, with Romanian Orthodoxy being its largest denomination.
1989 marked the fall of Communism in Eastern Europe. A mid-December protest in Timișoara against the eviction of a Hungarian minister (László Tőkés) grew into a country-wide protest against the Ceaușescu régime, sweeping the dictator from power.
Romania is one of the most attractive destinations for expats looking for a cheap but comfortable place to live. Bucharest ranks 160th among 209 cities in the world in the ranking of the cost of living, which was compiled by the international company Mercer.
Let us talk SAFETY!
It might surprise you or not: the chances of being assaulted in Romania are far less than in the US or other countries in Western Europe. Romania is generally peaceful, but be aware of your surroundings as a tourist!
After you travel to Romania with a long-stay visa, you must apply for a residence permit at a local General Inspectorate for Immigration office. The Romanian immigration authorities also allow you to submit your documents online, before submitting them in-person. This is done in an effort to reduce waiting times.
Walk on well-lit and main streets
Bucharest has a lot of safe locations to explore, but it's best to stay on well-lit streets and main roads, especially after dark. Avoid empty side streets if you can. Travelling with someone or in a group can provide an added sense of security, particularly during nighttime.
What language do they speak in Romania?
The official language of Romania is Romanian, a Romance language with strong similarities to Italian. Romania also has quite a few minority languages, including Hungarian and Romani. There's also a large Romanian diaspora, meaning that a lot of Romanian people live abroad.
Meanwhile, Iceland and Romania are abbreviated as ISL and ROU because their respective French names are 'Islande' and 'Roumanie'.
Romanian is a Latin-derived language closely related to Spanish, French, Italian, and Portuguese. Despite being a Romance language, Romanian is often left out of Romance language degree programs despite its interesting history and beauty. Romanian is the only Romance language that developed in Eastern Europe.
Transylvania became part of Kingdom of Romania by the Treaty of Trianon in 1920. In 1940, Northern Transylvania reverted to Hungary as a result of the Second Vienna Award, but it was returned to Romania after the end of World War II.
In English, the name of the country was originally borrowed from French "Roumania" (<"Roumanie"), then evolved into "Rumania", but was eventually replaced after World War II by the name used officially: "Romania".